Poltava is the city of Ukraine and administrative center of Poltava region. It is situated on the North-East of our country, on the Pridneprovskaya lowland and lies on the banks of the river Vorskla. The first documentary record about the city dated in the XII century. Since 27-th, February till the 3-d, June 1925 it was the administrative center of Poltava province. The city has its own emblem and the flag. Poltava is an important cultural center and a big transport nodal point. The city square is 104.42 km² and it is divided into 3 main districts (Oktyabrskiy, Kievskiy and Leninskiy). The population of the city is approximately 300,5 thousand people. Institutions of local government are presented by local city council and the head of the city (the mayor).
Poltava is situated in the Eastern part of Europe, in 301 km to the East to Kiev.
Geographical coordinates: 49°00`35``N 34°00`33``E, 140 m above-sea level. The city is located on the Pridneprovskaya lowland and lies on the river Vorskla banks. One of the river’s feeder is Kolomak that flows into Vorskla within the city. Also, within the precincts of Poltava there are some not so big natural lakes and a plenty of artificial ponds. City relief, mainly, even, but on the distance of 1,5 km from the river one can see a sharp slope (Vorskla’s right bank, where Poltava is situated – more sharp, hills height come up to 80-100 m relatively to the river level). Geographical position of Poltava is rather profitable and in the course of the history greatly influenced the city development. Poltava stands on very important transport tracks. Our city provides communication service between the biggest cities of Ukraine: Kiev, Kharkov and Dnepropetrovsk.
In general our city climate is temperate, continental with chilly winter and warm (sometimes sultry summer). Average temperature in January according to long-term observations is 6.8 degree centigrade below zero. Summer is warm and dry. The hottest month is July, as a rule. Average temperature in July is 20.9 degree centigrade above zero. During last 100 – 200 years the temperature in Poltava, as well as in the whole World, has the tendency to increase. During al this time the average annual temperature increased approximately on 1,5 °C. The warmest year, according to long-term observation, was the year of 2010. The biggest rise of temperature happened at the first six months. In Poltava, average annual rainfall is 569 mm (the least in February – March, most of all – in July). Every winter there is a snow cover, the maximum height of which is usually observed in February. Average relative humidity is 74%, the least in May (61 %), most of all in December (88 %).
According to state statistics on the 1-st, January 2010, the population of the city was 300, 5 thousand people. It was reduced up to 14 thousand people in comparison with the year of 1989 – and it is not so bad indicator, taking into account the demographic situation in Ukraine (for example, the population of Lvov reduced up to 57 thousand people for this period of time). Poltava population density is more than 3000 per km². 87% of the city population are Ukrainians; 44, 0% of hard-working population are involved into industrial sphere; 16, 0% — into service sphere; 6, 0% — into science, art and education.
Poltava is a big transport North-East nodal point of Ukraine. Our city is a place, where important railway tracks and highways are intersected. There is a great and developed public transport network. Poltava is an important cargo traffic center. It lies on the highway crossing that unites Western and Eastern parts of Europe. Poltava is tied with Kiev, Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk, Sumy and Kremenchug due to highways.
There are such car routs that go through Poltava:
E 40 — Kiev-Kharkov highway (Eastern direction — Chutovo, Kharkov; Western direction — Horol, Lubny, Kiev);
H-12 — National car road (Kotelva, Ahtirka, Sumy);
M-22 — International car road (Kremenchug).
For passenger transportation such public conveyances are used: electrical — Trolley-buses; Motor transport — buses, minibuses, passenger taxi. There is a bus station on Velikotyrnovskaya street, next to Kiev-Kharkov highway (E40) where one can travel throughout Ukraine and Europe. Also, there are district bus stations on Shevchenko and Zenkovskaya streets. Also, there are two railway stations in the city (Kyivska and Pivdenna stations). Railway tracks unite Poltava with Kiev, Kharkov, Kremenchug, Lozovaya and Krasnograd. Kiev-Kharkov route is electrified and provides the way of fast and comfortable trains. Electrification of railway line Poltava – Kharkov was finished in August 2008.
There are 12 higher educational establishments on the territory of our city. They are: Ukrainian medical stomatological academy, Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Poltava National technological University named after Kondratyuk, Poltava National Pedagogical University named after Korolenko, Poltava University of Economics and Trade, Poltava University of Economics and Law; also there are such faculties of: National Academy of Law in Ukraine named after Y. Mudryi, Interior Ministry University, the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, International European University, Kiev National University of Culture and Art, National Technological Universityof Ukraine “Kharkiv Polytechnicak Institute”, Poltava Business Institute, the Academician Yuriy Bugay International Scientific and Technical University. In our city there are 52 general education establishments and 54 preschool institutions, among which: 14 new type institutions (city lycées and gymnasiums). 2 special schools for mentally or physically handicapped kids. 1 evening school. 5 private educational institutions.
Poltava has wonderful natural resources, suitable economic and geographical position. That is why on its territory there are so many enterprises, specializing in fuel, food, light and woodworking industries. Poltava is situated not far from large metallurgical, machine building and scientific centers as Kiev, Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk that favored the development of machine building and chemical industries. Our city gives 1/4 of industrial region production.